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Some of New ES12(ES2021) JavaScript Features.


Changes released in ES2021
The changes released in ES2021 are as follows.

String.prototype.replaceAll()

  • Perform string replacement for all applicable parts

  • Existing replace()methods are valid only for the first part to be replaced, so if you wanted to replace everything you had to use a regular expression

  • With this method, you can prevent replacement omissions due to regular expression mistakes, and it is easy to understand what you want to do at a glance.

let str = "I like programming. I like my job."
str.replaceAll ( "like" , "love" ) 
// Output result: "I love programming. I love my job." 
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It is not yet supported by TypeScript by default, but you can use it by changing the setting in tsconfig.json as follows. (Other changes to ES2021 will also be available)

{ "compilerOptions" : { "lib" : [ "ES2021" ],    }, }

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Promise.any()

  • When any one of the promises running at the same time is processed resolved, that promise will be returned.

  • If all promises are reject, then AggregateError(the type when one operation needs to return multiple errors) is returned.

  • If you want to know that the process was successful but you don’t need to know which one, using any seems to be useful.

  • This is also not yet supported by default in TypeScript. tsconfig.json It can be used by changing the settings as described above .

Promise .any ([ new Promise ( ( resolve, reject ) => 
setTimeout (reject, 100 , '1st' )), 
new Promise (( resolve, reject ) => setTimeout (resolve, 200, '2nd')) ]) 
.then ( value => console .log ( `first completed process: $ {value} `)) 
.catch (err => console .log (err))
// Output result 
// First completed process: 2nd 
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WeakRefs
Makes the following feasible:

  • Creating a “weak reference” to an object
    User-defined finalizer execution after objects are garbage collected.

  • A “weak reference” is a reference to an object that does not interfere with the execution of garbage collection.

Normally, when an object is created, it is kept in memory (a “strong reference”), but a “weak reference” is subject to garbage collection collection when memory needs to be freed.

  • If you use these two well, you can prevent memory leaks of data that is no longer referenced, such as deleted objects.

  • However, the functionality of garbage collection is complex (when and how garbage collection occurs depends on the implementation of the JavaScript engine you are using ) and should be carefully considered for proper use. Officially, there is a note that it is better to avoid using it if possible.

  • It wasn’t mentioned in the official TypeScript documentation, but according to this issue , it’s available in version 4.1 and later.

  • I tried to execute the following code in PlayGround, but it was certainly able to compile with 4.1 or later version.

const obj = new  Map (); 
const cache = new WeakRef (obj); 
// Output result 
// v4.0.5 
// Cannot find name'WeakRef'. 
// v4.1.5 
// None
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Logical Assignment Operators
You will be able to write as follows

  • No extra branching is required when entering the initial value, and the implementation is refreshing.

  • Available from version 4.0 on TypeScript

// a || (a = b);
 a || = b;

// a && (a = b);
 a && = b;

// a ?? (a = b);
 a ?? = b;
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Numeric separators

  • _Can be inserted between the numbers. (Even if you enter it, it will be recognized as a numerical value)
  • This is possible with all numeric literals, not just decimal numbers. This makes the numbers easier to read
  • Available from version 2.7 in TypeScript.
1_000_000_000            // 1.0101_475_938.38 // 
1.01           million, decimal point can also be used
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Source: https://dev.to/eswaraprakash/some-of-new-es12-es2021-javascript-features-3pmo

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